The Beatties Ford Corridor is a very important area to the African-American community. This neighborhood stands as a symbol of strength and center of communal togetherness due to the numerous churches, schools, and neighborhoods in the area. Johnson C. Smith University is located in this area and has been an established historically black university, or HBCU, since 1867. Well known, North West School of the Arts magnet school is not too far from Charlotte’s only HBCU as well. The flourishing of this area finds its roots in the historic West End area of Charlotte. West End was created in the early 1900s and was one of the first suburban areas and accessible to the uptown working area via trolley. Nowadays, the Beatties Ford Corridor has full access to Gold Line rush free trolley and Charlotte Area Transportation System, CATS, bus lines. Recently the area has undergone a multi-million dollar renovation to restore and improve the appearance of this historic area.